The process of destroying a building differs from region to region, but some states and municipalities demand a lot of paperwork before levelling a structure. It could be a large structure, such as a two-story office building, or it could be a building as insignificant as a storage shed. Depending on the town and state, the government will require a dilapidation report.
The first thing officials want to know is why the building needs to be destroyed. The reason ranges from structural to simply the desire to erect a new building that is more suited to the needs of a new owner. Structural issues give notice to potential hazards of demolition as well as give clues to problems that might be affecting nearby buildings.
Another objective in writing a dilapidation report is determining what type of work and machinery is required. Techniques range from a bulldozer to a wrecking ball to explosives. Each method entails hazards that the government and the public should be aware of. Using large machines and explosives requires permits, so the relevant paperwork and warnings have to be passed around.
Demolition affects the surrounding area. Levelling means not only knocking down a building but possibly tearing into the ground and destroying nearby trees. Runoff could affect a drainage channel or sewer system. Nearby buildings might have to be protected from the destruction and evacuated during the proceeding. Destroying a building is a headache, and every relevant party has to be warned.
While small towns do not always have complicated rules about construction, large cities tend to have books of laws on the subject of demolition and new building. An army of bureaucrats has to look at the paperwork, and even lawyers are involved to minimize lawsuits and cut through red tape. There are real concerns ranging from redirecting traffic to safeguarding networks under the street level.
A dilapidation report helps create an action plan that is precise and relatively safe. It is signed by the site owner and the construction company. It is the first step of a bigger agreement, and all this effort aids public safety.